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Thebes is on either side of the Nile River.
Thebes was the capital of Egypt during the period of the New Kingdom
(1570 to 1067 B.C.) and became a very important center of worship of the god
Amon (a creator god).
HISTORY
During the Twelfth Dynasty the royal residence was moved to the area of
Memphis but, the kings of Egypt continued to honor Amon, their family god
so they built temples So they built temples to honor him at Thebes.  After the Hyksos’ invasion at Egypt, the Hyksos had little to no control over Egypt, and it was the lords of the city that drove the Hyksos out of Egypt.  The 18th dynasty rebuilt Thebes, and made it Egypt’s capital.