The Great Pyramid of Giza was built for King Khufu. It was built
in the 4th dynasty from 2580-2560 BC. It is the oldest and largest pyramid
out of all four in Giza. It is also the oldest of the 7 wonders of the Ancient
World and the only one to be mostly intact. The Great Pyramid
 stands at
481 feet which was the tallest man-made

structure in the world for
more than 3,800 years. Originally the pyramid was covered by
smooth stones so there was a smooth surface. What you can
 see today is the inner layer under the smooth layer. This is
 because all the smooth stones have fallen off or have become
 rough. There are three known chambers inside the pyramid. The lowest chamber is
cut into the bedrock that the pyramid was built on and was unfinished. The other
 two, called the King's and Queen's chamber are higher up in the
 pyramid's structure. The main part of Giza is a group of buildings
 including two memorial temples in honor of Khufu, three smaller
pyramids for Khufu's wives and small mastaba tombs surrounding the
 pyramid for noblemen. The Great pyramid is estimated to weigh about 5.9
 million tons. Judging by the size experts have said that the Egyptians
 would have had to install about 800 tons of rock each day.
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